- Plural of stump
- The wicket is made
from three stumps and two bails.
- a metonym for the
- In the context of "cricket|uncountable": The end of a day's play (when the stumps are pulled out of the ground)
- England still have a chance of winning tomorrow if they can get
India out before stumps today.
- present participle of stump
For other uses, see Stump
In the sport
, the term stump has
three different meanings:
1. part of the wicket
, 2. a manner of dismissing
, and 3. the
end of the day's play ("stumps").
Part of the wicket
The stumps are three vertical posts
which support two bails
stumps and bails are usually made of wood, and together form a
at each end of the
overall width of each wicket is 9 inches (22.9 cm).
Each stump is 28 inches (71.1 cm) tall with
maximum and minimum diameters of 1 inches (3.81 cm) and 1 inches
(3.49 cm). They have a spike at one end for hammering into the
ground, and the other end has a U-shaped 'through
to provide a resting place for the bails.
Each stump is referred to by a specific name:
- Off stump is the stump on the off side of the
wicket (the same side as the batsman's bat).
- Middle stump is the stump in the middle of the wicket.
- Leg stump is the stump on the leg side of the
wicket (the same side as the batsman's legs).
In modern professional play, the stumps are often
emblazoned with a sponsor's logo. Although they are too far away
from spectators to be seen, such logos are visible on television
For professional matches, often one or more of
the stumps is hollow and contains a small television camera. This
is aligned vertically, but can view through a small window on the
side of the stump via a mirror. The so-called stump-cam gives a
unique view of play for action replays, particularly when a batsman
is bowled.Stump Cameras were first used in the 1992 Cricket World
Cup in Australia and after the success of them they have been used
Manner of dismissing a batsman
, a batsman can be out
- the wicket-keeper
puts down the wicket, while the batsman is:
- out of his ground (because he has moved down the pitch beyond
the crease, usually in an
attempt to hit the ball);
- receiving a delivery which is not a no ball; and
- not attempting a run.
Being "out of his ground" is
defined not as having any part of the batsman's body or his bat
touching the ground behind the crease - ie, if his bat is slightly
elevated from the floor despite being behind the crease then he
would be considered out (if stumped). One of the fielding team must
appeal for the wicket by asking the umpire. The appeal is normally
directed to the square-leg umpire, who would be in the best
position to adjudicate on the appeal.
Stumping is the fifth most common form of
dismissal after caught
and run out
. It is
governed by Law 39 of the Laws of
. It is usually seen when a medium or slow bowler
is bowling. It requires co-operation between a bowler and
wicket-keeper: the bowler must induce the batsman to move out of
his ground, and the wicket-keeper must be quick enough to break the
wicket before the batsman makes his ground (i.e. places the bat or
part of his body on the ground back behind the popping
). If the bails are removed before the wicket-keeper has
the ball, the batsman can still be stumped if the wicket-keeper
removes one of the stumps from the ground, while holding the ball
in his hand. The wicket-keeper and the bowler both obtain credit
for dismissing a batsman who is stumped. A batsman may not be out
stumped off a no ball
, but may
be stumped off a wide
- "On the crease" is not "behind the crease".
- The wicket-keeper must break the wicket either with the ball or
with the hand that is holding it, or that arm, or with both hands
together; holding the ball in one hand and breaking the wicket with
the other will not do. (A stumping is still valid even if the ball
merely rebounds from the 'keeper and breaks the wicket, even though
never controlled by him.)
- The wicket-keeper must allow the ball to pass the stumps before
taking it, unless it has touched either bat or batsman
End of the day's play
Stumps is used as a term to mean the
end of a day's play, e.g. "The umpires called stumps" means that
declared play over for the day. At the end of a session, i.e.
before lunch or tea, the umpires will remove the bails; at the end
of the day's play, the umpires will remove the stumps.
stumps in Marathi: यष्टिचीत
bayonet legs, bowlegs
, hind leg, hock
, popliteal space,